Posts for tag: Thyroid Surgery
Most of us have heard of the thyroid. It's often called the "master gland" because of its role in maintaining the body's metabolism. Just like other endocrine glands (such as the pancreas), the thyroid can malfunction or even develop cancer. In either case, thyroid surgery may be necessary. In Simi Valley, Camarillo, Ventura County and Thousand Oaks, CA, the otolaryngologists at West Coast ENT Head & Neck Surgery precisely diagnose and treat thyroid issues in patients of all ages. Read here about thyroid disorders and the surgeries which alleviate them.
Symptoms of thyroid problems
Your thyroid is an H-shaped gland located near the Adam's Apple in the neck. While the adrenal gland in your brain gives off TSH, or thyroid stimulating hormone, the thyroid gland secretes T3 and T4 which regulate your heart rate, temperature and other factors associated with metabolism.
While people of all ages suffer from thyroid malfunction and cancer, these problems are more prevalent in women during postpartum or post-menopause. Sometimes the thyroid secretes too much thyroxin and sometimes, too little.
With hypothyroidism (too little of the hormone), sufferers often gain weight, lose hair and are generally listless. With hyperthyroidism (Graves' Disease), the opposite is true. Patients lose weight, sweat, feel irritable and suffer from insomnia.
Additionally, some individuals develop benign tumors of the thyroid (nodules) or fluid-filled cysts. Others fall prey to thyroid malignancies. In fact, according to the American Cancer Society, about 54,000 new cases of thyroid cancer are diagnosed annually in the United States, and yes, the majority of patients are women.
Treating the thyroid
Of course, treatment depends on several factors. At West Coast ENT Head & Neck Surgery, our doctors specialize in disorders of the thyroid and also perform thyroid surgery in Simi Valley, Camarillo, Ventura County and Thousand Oaks. Through physical examination, precise imaging and review of lab work and symptoms, these physicians accurately diagnose and treat a variety of thyroid problems.
While some issues may be treated with medication only (supplemental calcium or thyroxin, as examples), others require thyroid surgery. Thyroid cancer is a common reason to remove part or all of this endocrine gland.
Thyroid surgery in Simi Valley, Camarillo, Ventura County and Thousand Oaks
The American Association of Endocrine Surgeons says there are three categories of thyroidectomies. They include:
- Total thyroidectomy in which the entire gland is removed
- Lobectomy which removes part of the gland, typically for biopsy
- Completion thyroidectomy in which the rest of the gland is removed after a partial resection
Most thyroid patients have some scarring after surgery. However, the endoscopic techniques used by the doctors at West Coast ENT reduce the extent and the appearance of scars. Additionally, a majority of surgical patients take thyroid hormone replacement afterward.
The thyroid and its associated conditions really aren't mysterious. To understand it and to know when drug and surgery therapies are needed, talk to West Coast ENT Head & Neck Surgery. Their six physicians are highly skilled and experienced. They'll help you be well-informed and healthy, too. Call today for your consultation.
Are you scheduled for thyroid surgery? The ear, nose and throat doctors at West Coast Ear, Nose and Throat in Simi Valley, Oxnard, Camarillo and Thousand Oaks, CA explain how you should prepare for your procedure.
Schedule your presurgical testing
Make sure you complete your presurgical testing as soon as possible. Failing to schedule testing by the deadline may mean that you'll have to reschedule your surgery. Testing is usually conducted within 30 days of your procedure. Presurgical testing offers a very effective way to identify any conditions or diseases that may affect your surgery or your treatment. You'll undergo a variety of tests, such as a chest X-ray, blood test and electrocardiogram (EKG). During the visit, you'll discuss your health and surgical history and meet with a member of the anesthesiology staff. If you take several medications, it may be helpful to make a list of the names and dosages of your medications before your appointment.
Follow the recommended schedule for stopping medications
Certain medications, both prescription and over-the-counter, and herbal supplements can worsen bleeding. Stop taking aspirin and vitamin E 10 days before surgery, herbal supplements seven days prior to your procedure and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications two days before surgery.
Get ready for the big day in Simi Valley, Oxnard, Camarillo and Thousand Oaks
Make sure you're prepared for surgery by following these guidelines:
- Stop eating solid foods at midnight. Ask your doctor if you can have clear foods or drinks after midnight. Don't eat or drink anything at least two hours before you surgery.
- Take important medications in the morning. Although you may need to stop some medications before surgery, your doctor may want you to continue to take others. Take these medications with as little water as possible.
- Leave jewelry at home.
- Don't bring large sums of money or other valuables with you.
- Don't wear makeup, perfume, lotion or powder the day of your surgery.
- Make sure that a family member or friend is available to drive you home and take care of you after surgery.
Making preparations for your thyroid surgery will help you ensure that there are no problems that could delay your procedure. If you have any questions about your surgery, call the doctors at doctors at West Coast Ear, Nose and Throat in Simi Valley, Oxnard, Camarillo and Thousand Oaks, CA.
Thyroid issues may require treatment in the form of surgery. However, determining you have a thyroid issue which requires surgical treatment can be overwhelming or confusing without any prior knowledge of thyroid issues. Find out more about the reasons behind thyroid surgery with your doctor at West Coast Ear, Nose and Throat in Simi Valley, Oxnard, Camarillo and Thousand Oaks, CA.
Conditions Commonly Treated with Thyroid Surgery
- Thyroid Cancer: Surgery is a common form of treatment for thyroid cancer. Depending on the size and stage of the cancer, your doctor removes part or all of the thyroid gland.
- Hyperthyroidism: This condition occurs when the thyroid produces too much thyroid hormone. Surgery to remove the thyroid gland can treat hyperthyroidism.
- Thyroid Nodules: Nodules are common, abnormal growths of tissue on the thyroid gland. They present themselves as a lump on the throat and are surgically removed. About 95% of thyroid nodules are non-cancerous.
Diagnosing Thyroid Problems
Your doctor can help you decide if thyroid surgery is your best treatment option. Diagnosing a thyroid condition often involves a physical examination alongside various testing to determine the amount of thyroid hormone in the blood. The testing itself begins by drawing the patient’s blood and sending it to a laboratory for analysis. Additionally, imagining tests like ultrasounds or a CT scan can help your doctor diagnose a thyroid disorder.
Thyroid Surgery in Simi Valley, Oxnard, Camarillo and Thousand Oaks
Thyroid surgery, usually performed under general anesthesia, is an inpatient procedure commonly requiring patients to stay in the hospital for a day or two afterwards. Recovery depends on your general health, age and the type of surgery performed. The surgeon makes a small incision in the neck to expose the thyroid. Depending on the type of surgery required for your condition, the surgeon removes part or all of the thyroid. You should take any medication as prescribed following the surgery and plan for several weeks of recovery time.
For more information on thyroid surgery or the conditions which require it, please contact your doctor at West Coast Ear, Nose and Throat in Simi Valley, Oxnard, Camarillo and Thousand Oaks, CA. Call to schedule your consultation for thyroid surgery today.
Here are some telltale signs that you may need thyroid surgery in Thousand Oaks.
Here are the most common conditions and reasons why it may be time to consider getting thyroid surgery in Thousand Oaks.
Why is thyroid surgery performed?
Thyroid surgery is typically recommended if thyroid cancer is detected, if there is a nodule that is causing issues such as problems swallowing or breathing, if there is a fluid-filled cyst that reoccurs after drainage, or if hyperthyroidism cannot be properly treated with the use of medications. However, surgery for hyperthyroidism is rare.
What is thyroid surgery?
The main purpose of thyroid surgery is to remove part or all of the thyroid gland to prevent nodules or cysts, or to remove cancerous parts of the thyroid.
There are several types of thyroid surgeries including a total thyroidectomy in which the entire thyroid gland is removed; a thyroid lobectomy, in which your Thousand Oaks ENT will only remove one lobe; or a subtotal thyroidectomy, in which we will remove more than one lobe (this is most common in those whose hyperthyroidism is due to Graves’ disease).
Thyroid surgery is an inpatient procedure and most patients can leave the hospital one or two days after surgery. Your general health along with the type of surgery will dictate how soon you can leave the hospital and how long your recovery time will be.
What to consider before thyroid surgery
If your doctor has recommended a total thyroidectomy, your entire thyroid will be removed. This means that you will develop hypothyroidism and need to take a synthetic hormone for the rest of your life.
Other thyroid surgeries like a lobectomy can also bring about hypothyroidism. If this happens you will also need to take thyroid medication for life.
If you are experiencing any of these problematic symptoms, then it may be time to schedule your next appointment with your Thousand Oaks ENT as soon as possible. We will be able to run the necessary tests to determine whether thyroid surgery is right for you.